1. See Doward, J., (2020), One in five older people in the UK have been abused, poll finds. The guardian 29th December. ( CMP=Share_AndroidApp_Other 
  2. See “Docs and cops warn on Covid-19 cons”. NHS News, 16. January, and “Beware fake Covid vaccination invites, NHS warns”. BBC News, 26th January,
  3. See  Lee, D., (2021), Pandemic price rises still rampant on Amazon research finds. Financial Times, 22nd January.
  4. See OECD (2019), “Trade in Counterfeit Products and the UK Economy”. OECD.
  5. See (January 2021) HMRC  tax refund scams 2021: how to spot a fake refund email  or text.
  6. See NIBUSINESSINFO.CO.UK “Protect your business from scams. Bogus government agency scams”. (
  7. See Halifax.“Competition scams:Money Making Scams”(

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